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This article is part of the supplement: Diagnosis and management of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome

Open Access Research

Pediatric critical care nurses' experience with abdominal compartment syndrome

Jennifer Newcombe1, Mudit Mathur2, Khaled Bahjri3 and J Chiaka Ejike2*

Author Affiliations

1 School of Nursing, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA

2 Division of Pediatric Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, 11175 Campus Street, Suite A1117, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA

3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA

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Annals of Intensive Care 2012, 2(Suppl 1):S6  doi:10.1186/2110-5820-2-S1-S6

Published: 5 July 2012

Abstract

Background

Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is a syndrome associated with multi-system effects of elevated intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) in critically ill children. It has a 90-100% mortality rate if not recognized and treated promptly. Measuring IAP helps identify patients developing intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) which allows for timely intervention before progression to ACS. IAP helps identify ACS and guides its medical and surgical management. IAP is often measured by the bedside nurse in the intensive care unit. Pediatric critical care nurses (PCCN) play a key role in managing critically ill patients and recognizing potential causes for clinical deterioration such as ACS therefore should be knowledgeable about this entity.

Objective

The aim of this study was to assess the awareness and current knowledge of ACS among PCCN.

Methods

A ten-item written questionnaire was distributed at a National Critical Care Conference in 2006 and again in 2010. Participants of the conference voluntarily completed and immediately returned the survey. Results from the two questionnaires were compared.

Results

Sixty-two percent of 691 questionnaires were completed. The awareness of ACS improved from 69.3% in 2006 to 87.8% in 2010 (p < 0.001) among PCCN. "Years in practice" influenced awareness of ACS. Nurses working for 5-10 and > 10 years were, respectively, 2.34 and 1.89 times more likely to be aware of ACS than those working for < 5 years. Hands-on experience managing a child with ACS by PCCN also improved from 49.1% to 67.9% (p < 0.001) but remains low. The number of participants who never measured IAP fell from 27.3% to 19.1% (p = 0.101). The most common method being used to measure IAP is the bladder method. Knowledge of the definition of ACS remains poor with only 13.2% associating the definition of ACS with organ dysfunction in 2010 which was even lower than in 2006.

Conclusions

There is increasing awareness of ACS and experience in its management among PCCN. However, few PCCN correctly understand the definition of ACS. Since recognition of IAH and early intervention can reduce morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients, further educational efforts should be directed toward improving the knowledge and recognition of ACS by PCCN.

Keywords:
critical care; nurses; abdominal compartment syndrome; intra-abdominal; pressure.